Special Appearance, Jurisdictional Challenge

Special Appearance, Jurisdictional Challenge

Chisholm v. Georgia, 2 U.S. 419 (1793)

The defendant, Georgia (State), refused to appear, claiming that, as a sovereign state, it could not be sued without granting its consent to the suit.

The state failed and was found subject to the court, yet the point is they tried to stay independent by refusing to appear.


California Law On Special vs General Appearance. 1970


pg 28:

The fundamental rule is that the substance of the motion, the character

of the relief sought and the grounds urged in support thereof, and not the

label affixed to the proceeding, control.

Denominating the appearance as “special” is of no consequence whatsoever.

That rule was thus stated in Judson v. Superior Court:

Did the party appear and object only to consideration of the case or

any procedure in it because the court had not acquired jurisdiction over

the person of the defendant or party? If so, then the appearance is


If, however, he appears and asks for any relief which could

be given only to a party in the pending case, or which itself would be a

regular proceeding in the case, it is a general appearance regardless of

how adroitly, careful or directly the appearance may be denominated or

characterized as special.

The rule in this regard may be epitomized by

saying that if a defendant by his appearance insists only upon the

objection that he is not in court for want of jurisdiction over his person

and confines his appearance to that purpose only, then he has made a

special appearance, but if he raises any other question or asks any relief

which can only be granted upon the hypothesis that the court has

jurisdiction of his person, then he has made a general appearance.12

((The key is to challenge the moving party [not the judge] to evidence what you did, said, or signed, as to give┬áthe US court jurisdiction over you as a “PERSON”. US courts can only administrate ‘PERSONS/fictions’, they do not have general jurisdiction over man, for such remains in common law. Use the rules of evidence to block them. They must have sworn testimony, to place on the record.))



About Paul John Hansen

Paul John Hansen -Foremost I love the Lord, His written Word, and the Elect Family of God. -My income is primarily derived from rental properties, legal counsel fees, selling PowerPoint presentations. -I am a serious student of territorial specific law, and constitutional limitations of the US and STATE Governments. -I have been in court over 250 times. -I have received numerous death threats that appear as to come from NEBRASKA STATE agents. -I have been arrested an estimated 8 times. Always bogus false warrants, misdemeanor charges. (Mostly Municipal Housing Codes, or related acts.) -I file no Federal Income Taxes (1040 Form) since the year 2001. (No filings in any form.) -I pay no State income taxes. -I do not pay STATE sales tax on major purchases. -I pay no COUNTY property taxes with out a judicial challenge. ( I believe I have discovered a filing for record process that takes my land off the tax roles. ) -I currently use no State drivers license, carry no vehicle liability insurance, do not register my automobiles. -I do not register to vote for any representatives. -I am a 'free inhabitant' pursuant to Article 4 of The Articles of Confederation. (Not a US citizen.) -I am subject to the Church jurisdiction, and a strong advocate of full ecclesiastical independence from the United States jurisdiction. -I believe in full support of the perpetual Union as found in the Articles of Confederation. -I believe that a free inhabitant has the lawful standing to choose to live independent of the constitutional corporate US governments, and its statutory courts in the vast majority of his daily life, and to be forced to do otherwise is slavery. -I believe that most all US written law is constitutional, but most all of that same law is misapplied upon jurisdictions where it has no force and effect of law and the bar association has perfected a system of keeping the people from knowing its true application. Order my 5$ presentation 'Free Inhabitant One A', for the truth in limited jurisdiction of all US written law.
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