Look at all the restrictions a tow company in California must abide by before they can tow, your state probably has the same. Look for the ((XXXX)) portion highlighted below.
((But never forget that territorial jurisdiction is a must for them to tow. So in my (Paul Hansen) case they came on my land and towed for lack of license plate. I’ll convene a community court (non-US court) and go for damages.))
Now remember if the vehicle has ever been registered into a state jurisdiction the state agents can have it towed for not being licensed, current registration, etc. One must dis-register it and place it into a jurisdiction that is independant of the United States.
We have a process that has been successful by registering it in an independant jurisdiction as is the liberty of any free inhabitant.
Email me if you are interested in the package- firstname.lastname@example.org
CVC 22658 (1)(A) A towing company shall not remove or commence the
removal of a vehicle from private property without first obtaining
the written authorization from the property owner or lessee,
including an association of a common interest development, or an
employee or agent thereof, who shall be present at the time of
removal and verify the alleged violation, except that presence and
verification is not required if the person authorizing the tow is the
property owner, or the owner’s agent who is not a tow operator, of a
residential rental property of 15 or fewer units that does not have
an onsite owner, owner’s agent or employee, and the tenant has
verified the violation, requested the tow from that tenant’s assigned
parking space, and provided a signed request or electronic mail, or
has called and provides a signed request or electronic mail within 24
hours, to the property owner or owner’s agent, which the owner or
agent shall provide to the towing company within 48 hours of
authorizing the tow. The signed request or electronic mail shall
contain the name and address of the tenant, and the date and time the
tenant requested the tow. A towing company shall obtain, within 48
hours of receiving the written authorization to tow, a copy of a
tenant request required pursuant to this subparagraph. For the
purpose of this subparagraph, a person providing the written
authorization who is required to be present on the private property
at the time of the tow does not have to be physically present at the
specified location of where the vehicle to be removed is located on
the private property.
(B) The written authorization under subparagraph (A) shall include
all of the following:
(i) The make, model, vehicle identification number, and license
plate number of the removed vehicle.
(ii) The name, signature, job title, residential or business
address, and working telephone number of the person, described in
subparagraph (A), authorizing the removal of the vehicle.
(iii) The grounds for the removal of the vehicle.
(iv) The time when the vehicle was first observed parked at the
(v) The time that authorization to tow the vehicle was given.
(C) (i) When the vehicle owner or his or her agent claims the
vehicle, the towing company prior to payment of a towing or storage
charge shall provide a photocopy of the written authorization to the
vehicle owner or the agent.
(ii) If the vehicle was towed from a residential property, the
towing company shall redact the information specified in clause (ii)
of subparagraph (B) in the photocopy of the written authorization
provided to the vehicle owner or the agent pursuant to clause (i).
(iii) The towing company shall also provide to the vehicle owner
or the agent a separate notice that provides the telephone number of
the appropriate local law enforcement or prosecuting agency by
stating “If you believe that you have been wrongfully towed, please
contact the local law enforcement or prosecuting agency at [insert
appropriate telephone number].” The notice shall be in English and in
the most populous language, other than English, that is spoken in
(D) A towing company shall not remove or commence the removal of a
vehicle from private property described in subdivision (a) of
Section 22953 unless the towing company has made a good faith inquiry
to determine that the owner or the property owner’s agent complied
with Section 22953.
(E) (i) General authorization to remove or commence removal of a
vehicle at the towing company’s discretion shall not be delegated to
a towing company or its affiliates except in the case of a vehicle
unlawfully parked within 15 feet of a fire hydrant or in a fire lane,
or in a manner which interferes with an entrance to, or exit from,
the private property.
(ii) In those cases in which general authorization is granted to a
towing company or its affiliate to undertake the removal or commence
the removal of a vehicle that is unlawfully parked within 15 feet of
a fire hydrant or in a fire lane, or that interferes with an
entrance to, or exit from, private property, the towing company and
the property owner, or owner’s agent, or person in lawful possession
of the private property shall have a written agreement granting that
(2) If a towing company removes a vehicle under a general
authorization described in subparagraph (E) of paragraph (1) and that
vehicle is unlawfully parked within 15 feet of a fire hydrant or in
a fire lane, or in a manner that interferes with an entrance to, or
exit from, the private property, the towing company shall take, prior
to the removal of that vehicle, a photograph of the vehicle that
clearly indicates that parking violation. Prior to accepting payment,
the towing company shall keep one copy of the photograph taken
pursuant to this paragraph, and shall present that photograph and
provide, without charge, a photocopy to the owner or an agent of the
owner, when that person claims the vehicle.
(3) A towing company shall maintain the original written
authorization, or the general authorization described in subparagraph
(E) of paragraph (1) and the photograph of the violation, required
pursuant to this section, and any written requests from a tenant to
the property owner or owner’s agent required by subparagraph (A) of
paragraph (1), for a period of three years and shall make them
available for inspection and copying within 24 hours of a request
without a warrant to law enforcement, the Attorney General, district
attorney, or city attorney.
(4) A person who violates this subdivision is guilty of a
misdemeanor, punishable by a fine of not more than two thousand five
hundred dollars ($2,500), or by imprisonment in the county jail for
not more than three months, or by both that fine and imprisonment.
(5) A person who violates this subdivision is civilly liable to
the owner of the vehicle or his or her agent for four times the
amount of the towing and storage charges.
(m) (1) A towing company that removes a vehicle from private
property under this section shall notify the local law enforcement
agency of that tow after the vehicle is removed from the private
property and is in transit.
(2) A towing company is guilty of a misdemeanor if the towing
company fails to provide the notification required under paragraph
(1) within 60 minutes after the vehicle is removed from the private
property and is in transit or 15 minutes after arriving at the
storage facility, whichever time is less.
(3) A towing company that does not provide the notification under
paragraph (1) within 30 minutes after the vehicle is removed from the
private property and is in transit is civilly liable to the
registered owner of the vehicle, or the person who tenders the fees,
for three times the amount of the towing and storage charges.
(4) If notification is impracticable, the times for notification,
as required pursuant to paragraphs (2) and (3), shall be tolled for
the time period that notification is impracticable. This paragraph is
an affirmative defense.
(n) A vehicle removed from private property pursuant to this
section shall be stored in a facility that meets all of the following
(1) (A) Is located within a 10-mile radius of the property from
where the vehicle was removed.
(B) The 10-mile radius requirement of subparagraph (A) does not
apply if a towing company has prior general written approval from the
law enforcement agency that exercises primary jurisdiction in the
city in which is located the private property from which the vehicle
was removed, or if the private property is not located within a city,
then the law enforcement agency that exercises primary jurisdiction
in the county in which is located the private property.
(2) (A) Remains open during normal business hours and releases
vehicles after normal business hours.
(B) A gate fee may be charged for releasing a vehicle after normal
business hours, weekends, and state holidays. However, the maximum
hourly charge for releasing a vehicle after normal business hours
shall be one-half of the hourly tow rate charged for initially towing
the vehicle, or less.
(C) Notwithstanding any other provision of law and for purposes of
this paragraph, “normal business hours” are Monday to Friday,
inclusive, from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m., inclusive, except state holidays.
(3) Has a public pay telephone in the office area that is open and
accessible to the public.
(o) (1) It is the intent of the Legislature in the adoption of
subdivision (k) to assist vehicle owners or their agents by, among
other things, allowing payment by credit cards for towing and storage
services, thereby expediting the recovery of towed vehicles and
concurrently promoting the safety and welfare of the public.
((XXXX)) (2) It is the intent of the Legislature in the adoption of
subdivision (l) to further the safety of the general public by
ensuring that a private property owner or lessee has provided his or
her authorization for the removal of a vehicle from his or her
property, thereby promoting the safety of those persons involved in
ordering the removal of the vehicle as well as those persons
removing, towing, and storing the vehicle.
(3) It is the intent of the Legislature in the adoption of
subdivision (g) to promote the safety of the general public by
requiring towing companies to unconditionally release a vehicle that
is not lawfully in their possession, thereby avoiding the likelihood
of dangerous and violent confrontation and physical injury to vehicle
owners and towing operators, the stranding of vehicle owners and
their passengers at a dangerous time and location, and impeding
expedited vehicle recovery, without wasting law enforcement’s limited
((XXXX)) (p) The remedies, sanctions, restrictions, and procedures provided
in this section are not exclusive and are in addition to other
remedies, sanctions, restrictions, or procedures that may be provided
in other provisions of law, including, but not limited to, those
that are provided in Sections 12110 and 34660.
(q) A vehicle removed and stored pursuant to this section shall be
released by the law enforcement agency, impounding agency, or person
in possession of the vehicle, or any person acting on behalf of
them, to the legal owner or the legal owner’s agent upon presentation
of the assignment, as defined in subdivision (b) of Section 7500.1
of the Business and Professions Code; a release from the one
responsible governmental agency, only if required by the agency; a
government-issued photographic identification card; and any one of
the following as determined by the legal owner or the legal owner’s
agent: a certificate of repossession for the vehicle, a security
agreement for the vehicle, or title, whether paper or electronic,
showing proof of legal ownership for the vehicle. Any documents
presented may be originals, photocopies, or facsimile copies, or may
be transmitted electronically. The storage facility shall not require
any documents to be notarized. The storage facility may require the
agent of the legal owner to produce a photocopy or facsimile copy of
its repossession agency license or registration issued pursuant to
Chapter 11 (commencing with Section 7500) of Division 3 of the
Business and Professions Code, or to demonstrate, to the satisfaction
of the storage facility, that the agent is exempt from licensure
pursuant to Section 7500.2 or 7500.3 of the Business and Professions
>> Below – United Kingdom operates the same, no registration = no jurisdiction. >
>>Below – 37 years in US no driver license.
Click HERE to view the list of foundational information created by Lawyer Paul John Hansen to aid in independence from the US System. Done in free inhabitant.info, need done in pauljjhansen.com.